It may surprise some, but a small landlocked country like the Czech Republic (in our more than 1000 years history, we had our own direct access to sea only twice, I think, in the 12th/13th century - around 1273 to the Adriatic Sea under King Premysl Ottokar II, who owned Trieste, and in early 1300s to the Baltic Sea, under Wenceslaus II and his sons Wenceslaus III, who were also Kings of Poland) does have some naval, and even colonial history (even though not nearly in the same scale as, for example, the even smaller Courland
- see Courland colonization
In the second half of the 17th century, Augustine Herman
, a Czech émigré and corsair on the brig La Grace
, owned rather large chunks of Maryland - the Bohemia Manor (now Chesapeake City
). Unfortunately, the two years old replica
of La Grace
has recently run aground
but it has just been announced that it has been salvaged and is now being tugged to a dock for repairs. Praise Neptune!
Otherwise, Czech naval history is not so successful. The SMS Viribus Unitis
, manned mostly by Czech sailors, was sunk by Italians in 1918 and the Czechoslovak merchant navy
) was "privatised" (read stolen) by Viktor Kozeny
, aka The Pirate of Prague...